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过来人支招 成考专升本英语议论文写作方法与技巧
发布时间:2019年07月12日 来源:未知

  英语谈论文的写作,大多有详细关键(即观念或论据)的限制,所以并不需要如何地纵横捭阖,如何地引经据典。可是,麻雀虽小,五脏俱全,一篇100来字的谈论文,相同有必要逻辑紧密,结构明晰,言语简练,有必要论有中心,言而有据。以下笔者试从华章结构、语句修辞和词汇运用等三个方面来谈一谈写好一篇小谈论文的根本办法和技巧。

  华章结构

  (一)先有规则,然后才干从心所欲,不逾矩

  谈论文的写作,住往从正反两方面来论说,且都有其约定俗成的谈论形式,即从“主题句一正面论说,不和论说一定论”四大块去营建文章的根本结构(四块论)。例如,某标题要求论说“校园规则‘课间学生只能呆在自己的教室里’对吗?”这一论题。假如作者认为校园的规则不对,他就应该在文章榜首块(段)亮出自己的观念:There is currently much discussion about whether students should stay in their own classrooms or not during break times.Personally I believe that—。而第二块应该从正面论说“课间不能只呆在自己的教室里”的理由。比方可以说:I would argue that break times are our only opportunity to choose what we want to do. 第三块则从不和观念,即“课间只能呆在自己的教室里”动身,驳斥对方观念或进一步论说己方观念。例如可以说:Another reason why people say that students have to stay in their own classes at break times is that it would be difficult to organize dinners.最终一块(段)则用不同的言语再次着重已方观念。乍一看去,谈论文“四块论”似乎有“八股文”的嫌疑,但“四块论”契合人的认知规则,所以值得多多仿照和练习。

  (二)环绕中心论说,保证论说的内容直接为主题服务

  在上例中,“学生课间时不能只呆在自己的教室里”是主题句,论说时应该紧紧环绕它。有的同学在写的时分先说“学生若课间被答应到其他班级活动,就可以交到更多的朋友”,然后又说“交到更多朋友就可以学到更多常识”,“学到更多常识就可认为社会做出更大的奉献”……这种论说方法形似环环相扣,承上启下,实则是中心松懈的流水账,提到最终,不只读者会一头雾水,连作者自己都会忘了自己在说什么。

  (三)建立并写好观念,并将其置于每一段的段首

  整篇文章有整篇文章的中心观念,每一阶段有每一阶段的分观念。选取观念时要问一问自己:这一观念是否会让自己服气?假如—个观念连自己都压服不了,就要抛弃它。阶段观念的出现不能羞羞答答,犹报琵琶半遮面,也不能深藏不露,让读者去总结和归纳,而有必要在文章开篇或阶段最初就亮出来。观念置于篇首或段首,才干提纲挈领,也是保证不跑题的条件。以下两个比如中,榜首个结构松懈,群龙无首,令读者不知所云;而第二个比如则中心杰出,规矩谨慎。请看:

  1、Firstly,it is very convenient in daily life.There are many shops and supermarkets in a city.I can buy everything I need easily in these places.When I am sick,I can easily see a doctor in any clinic or hospital.Transport services are good in a city.when I want to go somewhere,I can take a bus,a train or something else.There are also many kinds of entertainment in a city.Public buildings(such as libraries)and parks can easity be found in a city,too.

  2、First,it is convenient and comfortable to live in a city.To begin with,there is good housing in a city,as all the houses and flats are well-equipped with good facilities and surrounded by modern amenities such as places of entertainment,public libraries and parks.

  而中心句的写法也有考究。中心句有必要能高度归纳地点阶段的论据,它的关键词应该在每—个论据中都有重复或恰当表现。那种无关痛痒的叙说或说明性的语句,是不适宜用作中心句的。例如:

  1、Students always feel relaxed and happy during breaks.(叙说性语句)

  2、Break times are scheduled for about 10 minutes.(说明性语句)

  以下便是论说“校园规则‘课间学生只能呆在自己的班级里’对吗?”的一篇学生习作:

  Although some people believe that students should stay in their own classrooms during break times,I would like to argue that we should be allowed to spend break times in another class.

  The most important reason for believing that is that many students have friends in other classes.We spend all day in our own classroom,and break times are the only time we have to spend with other friends.It can become very tedious(令人厌倦的)to have to spend even more time with the same people.

  A further reason for allowing student to choose where they spend their break times is that it would stop arguements.If students are forced to spend time with classmates who are not good friends,they can annoy each other.This leads to problems that have to be sorted out by teachers.

  Teachers argue that we all should stay in our own classes,because it is then easier to know what is going on.They say that it is difficult to keep track of students when they are walking round the corridors.However,students could be given the chance to choose a different classroom to spend the whole break time in.That would mean that there would not be any students in the corridors.

  As I have explained,although it might be a little easier to manage when everyone stays in their own classroom,it would make break times happier for all students if they were allowed to choose where they spent their time.

  这篇成考专升本的范文契合“四块论”的根本形式,正反论说统筹,结构谨慎,中心杰出。


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