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2015年11月湖南成人教育学位英语【模拟】试题和答案(一)
发布时间:2015年09月20日 来源:湖南大学自考办

2015年11月湖南成人高等教育学士学位英语
模拟试题试题和答案(一) 【答案在最后】
 
英语试卷一

 
Part I Dialogue Completion (15 points)
Directions: There are 15 shot incomplete dialogues in this part, each followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one to complete the dialogue and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

 
1. Lily: I’m sorry I can’t go with you.
Sue: ________? Haven’t you agreed?
 
A. Why don’t you
B. What is it
C. How is it
D. What do you think
 
2. John: The meeting has begun and I doubt if he will come.
Larry: ________. He’ll speak at the meeting.
 
A. He’s likely to come
B. He is going to come
C. He will come
D. He is sure to come
 
3. Jane: Are you going to watch TV now?
Brett: _________.
 
A. I would if I had time
B. I’m sorry. There is no answer
C. All right. Thank you
D. Yes. I agree with you
 
4. A man: Excuse me, but could you tell me the way to the Park?
A woman: _________. You may ask the policeman over there for help.
 
A. Yes, you go ahead, and I’ll follow you
B. Sorry, but I’m a stranger here myself
C. Well, walk fast, and you’ll soon get there
D. Ok, it’s not far from here
 
5. Maria: Are you satisfied with what she has done?
Nancy: Not in the least. It couldn’t be_________.
 
A. so bad
B. much better
C. so well
D. any worse
 
6. Fred: How do you know Mike is from the Scotland?
Eddie: From the way _________.
 
A. which he speaks
B. that he speaks
C. in that he speaks
D. with which he speaks
 
7. Mori: How do you like Mrs. Johnson’s painting?
Katy: ________. No one paints worse.
 
A. To tell you the truth
B. In other words
C. Generally speaking
D. On the whole
 
8. John: Let’s go to the stadium to watch a football match.
Paul: __________
 
A. Why?
B. Why not?
C. Not at all.
D. Yes, please.
 
9. Anne: My husband and I are going abroad to have a travel tomorrow.
Emily: _________.
 
A. Have a good journey
B. Cheers
C. Good luck
D. Long time no see
 
10. Joan: Do you mind opening the window?
Nancy: _________..
 
A. Sorry, I don’t mind
B. Sure, go ahead
C. No, please don’t
D. No, but I’m feeling a bit cold
 
11. Elaine: I thought you were going to leave early today to meet your daughter in the kindergarten.
Carrot: I ________, but I couldn’t leave until I finish typing all the letters.
 
A. had planned to
B. planned to
C. plan to
D. am planning to
 
12. Stranger: Could you help me to lift the box on my shoulder?
Passerby: _________.
 
A. No, I couldn’t
B. For pleasure
C. I could
D. With pleasure
 
13. Mark: Here is a birthday present for you.
James: Thank you. It’s very kind of you. It’s so beautiful.
Mark: _________
 
A. Congratulations!
B. It’s my honor.
C. I’m happy you like it.
D. With pleasure
 
14. Son: Father, you promised that if I did well in the exam you would buy me a new bike.
Father: ________ I will buy it tomorrow.
 
A. So did I.
B. Really?
C. So I did.
D. You should keep your promise.
 
15. Edward: Shall I help you deal with the calculating with my computer?
Thomas: _________.
 
A. All right. Thanks a lot
B. Yes, go ahead please
C. No, please don’t do it
D. I don’t want to trouble too much
 
Part II Reading Comprehension (20 points)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each of the passages is followed by 5 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
 
Passage One
 
Feel tired lately? Has a doctor said he can’t find anything wrong with you? Perhaps he sent you to a hospital, but all the advanced equipment there shows that there is nothing wrong with you.
 
Then, consider this: you might be in a state of subhealth.
 
Subhealth, also called the third state or the gray state, is explained as a borderline state between health and disease.
 
According to the investigation by the National health Organization, over 45 percent of subhealth people are middle-aged or elderly. The percentage is even higher among people who work in management positions as well as students around exam-weeks.
 
Symptoms include a lack of energy, depression , slow reactions, insomnia (失眠), agitation, and poor memory. Other symptoms include shortness of breath, sweating and aching in the waist and legs.
 
The key to preventing and recovering from subhealth, according to some medical experts, is to form good living habits, alternate work and rest, exercise regularly, and take part in open air activities.
 
As for meals, people are advised to eat less salt and sugar. They should also eat more fresh vegetables, fruits, fish because they are rich in nutritional elements—vitamins and trace elements that are important to the body.
 
Nutrition experts point out that it is not good to eat too much at one meal because it may cause unhealthy changes in the digestive tract (消化系统). They also say that a balanced diet is very helpful in avoiding subhealth.
 
16. According to this passage, which of the following is right?
A. When you are in a state of subhealth, you should stay at home and keep silent.
B. When you are in a state of subhealth, you should go to see a doctor and buy some medicine.
C. When you are in a state of subhealth, you should have yourself examined in foreign countries.
D. When you are in a state of subhealth, you should find out the reasons and relax yourself.
 
17 It may be easy for middle-aged people to be in a state of subhealth because .
A. they have used up their energy
B. they have lost their living hopes
C. they have more pressure in life and work
D. they begin to get older
 
18. The key to preventing you from falling into a state of subhealth is that you should .
A. work hard
B. sleep more
C. form good living habits
D. take more medicine
 
19 As for food, experts suggest that .
A. we should never eat meat
B. we should have varieties of food
C. we should eat less than usual
D. we should have meals without salt and sugar
 
20. The underlined word “alternate” in this passage is the closest in meaning to .
A. arrange by turns
B. cause to take place
C. keep up
D. take up
 
Passage Two
 
ALBANY, New York—After 18 years of being vetoed by Democratic governors, a death penalty law signed by George Pataki, the stated Republican governor, took effect Friday. New York is the 38th state to enact a death penalty since 1976, when the U. S. Supreme Court allowed states to resume capital punishment.
 
“People out there understand that this is going to save lives,” Mr. Pataki said. He spoke at a news conference, surrounded by relatives of people killed in crimes that now qualify as capital cases.
 
Among the murders now punishable by death are those of police officers, prison guards and judges, serial killings, those committed with another felony (重罪) such as rape, and slayings by terrorists. The killers would be executed by injection.
 
A coalition has been preparing an appeal since the bill was approved. It will be filed as soon as someone is sentenced to death? said Norman Siegel, executive director of the New York Civil Liberties Union. No one has been executed in New York since 1963. In 1965, the legislature suspended the death penalty due to doubts about its fair application to minorities.
 
21. vetoed a death penalty law in New York State after 1976.
A. Democratic governors
B. Republic governors
C. The Supreme Court
D. George Pataki
 
22. Capital punishment is in the U.S.
A. not allowed
B. allowed
C. allowed in 38 states
D. allowed in the 38th state
 
23. Crimes of qualify as capital cases.
A. robbery
B. serial killings
C. rape
D. terrorism
 
24. No one has been executed in New York since .
A. 1965
B.1976
C.1963
D. 1967
 
25. The death penalty was suspended in 1965 because the legislature had doubts .
A. whether it would be fair to minorities
B. whether it would be fair to everyone
C. about its fair application to minorities
D. over its unfair application to minorities
 
Passage Three
 
Tibetan architecture has been influenced by Chinese culture as well as Indian culture, and reflects a deeply Buddhist approach. The Buddhist wheel, along with two dragons, can be seen on nearly every Buddhist temple whose designs and inside details are different in Tibet. The design of the Tibetan towers can be different, from roundish walls in the western areas of Tibet to squarish, four-sided walls in Ladakh, an area near Himalayas which is known for its remote mountain beauty.
 
The most unusual feature of Tibetan architecture is that many of the houses and temples are built on elevated,sunny sites facing the south, and are often made out of a mixture of rocks, wood, cement and earth. Little fuel is available for heating or lighting, so flat roofs are built to keep heat inside, and multiple windows are built to let in sunlight. Walls are usually sloped inwards at 10 degrees as a measure to fight against frequent earthquakes in the mountainous area.
 
Standing at 117 meters in height and 360 meters in width, the Potala Palace, which means the holy land of Buddhism, is considered as the most important example of Tibetan architecture. Formerly the living place of the Dalai Lama, it contains over a thousand rooms within thirteen stories, and houses portraits of the past Dalai Lamas and statues of the Buddha. It is divided into the outer White Palace, which serves as the administrative quarters, and the inner Red Palace, which contains the assembly hall of the Lamas and a vast library of Buddhist scriptures (经文). It is now a statemuseum of China and a popular tourist attraction.
 
26. What does the passage mainly talk about?
A. Tibetan architecture.
B. Tibetan temples.
C. Tibetan arts.
D. Tibetan transportation.
 
27. The walls are usually sloped inwards at 10 degrees to .
A. bring in the fresh air
B. keep the cold wind out
C. prevent the damage of earthquakes
D. collect the rain in summer
 
28. Tibetan architecture has the following characteristics EXCEPT that .
A. the houses need no fuel for heat or light
B. the houses are built to make full use of sunlight
C. the materials are rocks, wood, cement and earth
D. temples in different places have different kinds of walls
 
29. Which of the following is NOT referred to in the last paragraph?
A. The area of Potala Palace.
B. The high rank of Potala Palace.
C. The architectural style of Potala Palace.
D. The original use of Potala Palace
 
30. What can be learned from the passage?
A. The Potala Palace is divided into the parts.
B. Ladakh is a place famous for its remote mountain beauty.
C. The name of the Potala Palace doesn’t have special meaning.
D. The Potala Palace represents the achievements of Tibetan architecture.
 
Passage Four
 
When Herbert. J. Taylor first came to this company, the workers didn’t hold much faith in him. He looked into the way the company did its business, which was the sale” of aluminum pots and pans. The nature of the industry was fraught with dishonest business practices. To bring the business out of bankruptcy Taylor knew that he had to change the way business was performed. Finally he developed a very simple business tip that. all employees were to follow in all of their business dealings with customers and suppliers. The tip changed the business, turned the business around and at last brought it out of bankruptcy.
 
The business tip is a simple four-step decision-making tool. It didn’t tell people what to do or how to think, but it did give them a tool to use in all of their business dealings. It is simple The four way test. The tip is to use this simple decision-making tool in your life and see if it doesn’t make a difference. As people, we must all stick to our personal honesty. This is handy and simple test of what you say, do or think. Give it a try in your life.
 
The four way test
①. Is it the TRUTH?
②. Is it FAIR to all concerned?
③. Will it build GOODWILL and better friendship?
④. Will it be GOOD to all concerned?
 
By the way, this tool made Herbert. J. Taylor a multi-millionaire in the 1930s. So it’s also a very profitable way of doing business.
 
31. The underlined phrase “was fraught with” in paragraph 1 means .
A. was filled with B. was popular with
C. was famous for  D. was covered with
 
32. This four-step decision-making tool can .
A. give you an exact answer to all the problems
B. help you change the way you do things
C. certainly help you do all business successfully
D. help you find better ways to fight against the people around you
 
33. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A. Herbert. J. Taylor is the richest business man in the world
B. All the business don’t make their money in an honest way
C. The company of Herbert. J. Taylor didn’t trade according to The four way test.
D. The workers didn’t believe Herbert. J. Taylor could succeed at first.
 
34. This simple decision-making tool is__________.
A. only a honest way of doing business.
B. only profitable to others
C. both a honest and profitable way of doing business
D. only a profitable way of doing business
 
35. What could be the best title of the passage?
A. The four way test
B. Herbert, J. Taylor’s success.
C. How to survive in business
D. To be honest in business.
 
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (40 points)
Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best complete the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
 
36. He appeared to be ambitious, but actually didn’t have a ___________ aim.
A. special
B. specific
C. explicit
D. obvious
 
37. That his condition has worsened is the result of the __________ of anxiety and grief.
A. stress
B. straining
C. tense
D. repress
 
38. The religious __________ that started from the early nineteenth century continued and was intensified by the dispute over evolutionary science.
A. pursuit
B. struggle
C. collision
D. argument
 
39. This is clearly a promising ___________ to a serious national problem
A. means
B. approach
C. method
D. way
 
40. I thought he was famous, but none of my classmates have ________heard of him.
A. ever
B. never
C. just
D. even
 
41. The Waste Land, Eliot’s most important single poem, has been _________ as a landmark of the 20th-century English poetry.
A. shouted
B. condemned
C. despised
D. hailed
 
42. The _____________ of scientific discoveries to industrial production methods has impelled the rapid development of the world’s economy.
A. usage
B. employment
C. application
D. utilization
 
43. The United States won most of the track and field events. ________, in swimming, the top three places went toAmericas.
A. Contrarily
B. Similarly
C. Unexpectedly
D. Hopefully
 
44. Last year we bought the house, but we did not move in because we haven’t finished decorating the _________ of the house.
A. inner
B. inward
C. interior
D. internal
 
45. The manager of the company will offer $5.000 _________ to whoever can solve the problem of water pollution.
A. price
B. prize
C. award
D. reward
 
46. We have sent many people to enquire about your family members in different places and we will keep you________ if we have any news.
A. informed
B. known
C. intelligent
D. unknown
 
47. _________had I closed my eyes when I began to imagine the most fantastic shapes.
A. Sooner
B. Quickly
C. Hardly
D. Once
 
48. Cats __________to be afraid of dogs, but our Tibby has just chased Mr. Goldsmith’s bulldog right down the road.
A. are supposed
B. suppose
C. are supposing
D. supposed
 
49. It’s the little boy who often helps others _________wins the first prize.
A. which
B. who
C. whom
D. that
 
50. Children are fond of drinks _________orange juice, sugar and water.
A. made up of
B. made of
C. consisted of
D. composed of
 
51. The government __________ the firm from bankruptcy by giving them a grant.
A. has delivered
B. has released
C. has rescued
D. has salvaged
 
52. We ___________ to reach him by mail and by phone, but in vain.
A. have struggled
B. have attempted
C. have endeavored
D. have strived
 
53. you should listen carefully and be patient when________.
A. spoken to
B. speak
C. speaking to
D. you are speaking to
 
54. Last night I heard a ________ news report that s kind of mysterious disease was spreading in the country.
A. frightened
B. exciting
C. excited
D. frightening
 
55. Anna Roe of New York City stated that there are vocationally successful persons who are well-adjusted socially and yet who show, according to tests, more or less severe __________ disabilities.
A. affectionate
B. emotional
C. sentimental
D. feeling
 
56. Although all humans share the same set of genes, ___________ can inherit different forms of a given gene, making each person genetically unique.
A. persons
B. peoples
C. individuals
D. beings
 
57. As he hasn’t sorted out his business in the UK, he intends to apply for a/an ____________ of his passport.
A. lengthening
B. prolonging
C. extension
D. enlarging
 
58. It was in the village _________now is a small town that the earthquake occurred.
A. where
B. which
C. that
D. in which
 
59. Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from ________effects the people are still suffering.
A. whose
B. that
C. how
D. what
 
60. _________might be expected, the response to the question was very difficult.
A. That
B. As
C. It
D. What
 
61. The reason for their failure _______you know is that they didn’t get fully prepared for the experiment.
A. why
B. what
C. that
D. because
 
62. ________ from a bad cold, Jim had been in hospital for several days.
A. suffering
B. suffered
C. suffer
D. being suffering
 
63. She ___________to finish the job by last Friday but she hasn’t finished it yet till now.
A. understood
B. undertook
C. understands
D. undertakes
 
64. The fact _________great achievements have been made in the past few years proves that our party’s policy is correct.
A. whether
B. which
C. what
D. that
 
65. You may write an E-mail to me or just phone me. ________will do.
A. Each
B. Either
C. Neither
D. All
 
66. Lucy was clever __________to understand what you implied in your letter.
A. enough
B. much
C. more
D. too
 
67. The drought has __________several provinces.
A. influenced
B. affected
C. damaged
D. destroyed
 
68. My typist has not returned my paper yet, but she promised _________by tomorrow.
A. for me to have it ready
B. it was ready for me
C. me it was ready
D. to have it ready for me
 
69. All these policies will _________ to the development of education.
A. to one’s benefit
B. for somebody’s benefit
C. be of benefit
D. have the benefit of
 
70. Don’t listen to those fools who tell you________ have to give up all the pleasures of life.
A. you
B. that
C. what
D. how
 
71. This flat is bright and capacious. I think the rent must be ___________as that one.
A. five times more
B. five times as much
C. as many four times
D. as four times more
 
72. I have kept that photo __________I can see it every day, as it reminds me of my happy university days in London.
A. which
B. when
C. whether
D. where
 
73. Mr. Wang: The research on the new bird flu virus vaccine is challenging and demanding. Who do you think can do the job?
Mr. Li: _________my students have a try?
A. Shall
B. Must
C. Will
D. May
 
74. China sent up Shenzhou VI manned Spaceship into space successfully, which shows science and technology _________rapidly in China.
A. is developing
B. have been developing
C. develops
D. has developed
 
75. It is a great pity that the famous painter died _________his painting unfinished.
A. of
B. with
C. from
D. for
 
Part IV Cloze Test (10 points)
Directions: There 10 blanks in the following passage. For each numbered blank, there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
 
The Internet has opened up a whole new online world for us to meet and chat. But just as in face-to-face communication, there are some basic rules that should be 76 when online.
 
The basic rule is simple: treat others in the same 77 you would want to be treated. Imagine how you’d feel if you were in the other person’s shoes.
 
For anything you are about to send: ask yourself, “Would I say this to the person’s face?” If the answer is no, rewrite and reread. Repeat till you feel 78 that you’d feel comfortable saying the words to the person’s face.
 
79 someone in the chat room is impolite to you, your instinct is to fire back in the same way. 80 try not to do so. You should ignore the person. If it was caused by a disagreement with another member, try to fix the situation by politely discussing it. Remember to 81 opinions of others in chat room.
 
Everyone was new to the network once. Offer advice when asked by newcomers, as they may not be sure what to do or how to communicate. When someone makes mistake, whether it’s a stupid question 82 an unnecessary and long answer, be kind about it. If it’s a small mistake, you may not need to say anything. 83 if you feel strongly about it, think twice before saying anything. Having good manners doesn’t give you license to correct everyone else.
 
If you do decide to tell someone about a mistake, point it out 84 At the same time, if you find you are wrong, correct it and say sorry.
 
It is not polite to ask others personal questions 85 as their age, sex, and marriage.
 
76. A. based B. followed C. agreed D. relied
77. A. way B. method C. as D. form
78. A. sorry B. uneasy C. sure D. bad
79. A. How B. If C. When D. Where
80. A. Even B. Then C. And D. But
81. A. follow B. obey C. respect D. neglect
82. A. or B. and C. otherwise D. nor
83. A. Just B. Ever C. Even D. As
84. A. rudely B. politely C. naturally D. carelessly
85. A. like B. such C. just D. so
 

英语试卷二

 
Part V Writing (15 points)
 
Directions: You are to write in 100-120 words about the title “Where to live? The City or the Countryside”. You should base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
1. 一些人喜欢住在城市,一些人喜欢住在农村
2. 你更喜欢住在哪里?写出原因
 
 

2015年湖南成人高等教育学士学位
英语模拟试题答案(三)

 

英语试卷一

 
Part I Dialogue Completion (15 points)
 
01-05:CDABD        06-10:BABAD        11-15:ADCCA
 
Part II Reading Comprehension (20 points)
 
16-20:DCCBA        21-25:ACBCC
26-30:ACACD        31-35:ABDCB
 
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (40 points)
 
36-40:BACBA        41-45:DCBCD
46-50:ACADB        51-55:CBADB
56-60:CCBAB        61-65:CBBDB
66-70:ABDCA        71-75:CDDBB
 
Part IV Cloze Test (10 points)
 
76-80:BACBD        81-85:CACBB
 

英语试卷二:参考作文

 
Nowadays it is a trend for Chinese to learn English. Without certain certificates showing their English ability, it may be hard even to find a job, even though most jobs have nothing to do with English. For some, it is a waste of time and resources for so many people to learn English.
 
On the other hand, it is believed that grasping a foreign language means obtaining a useful skill, which could make a person be able to fulfill more jobs and demands in the society.
 
To me, the most time-consuming task for students in China is learning English. They have to spend a lot of precious time reading, memorizing words, and doing exercises. To them, the only meaning in English learning is to deal with tests. Therefore, it is not necessary for all the people to learn English. (139 words)
 
 

 2015年11月湖南成人教育学位英语模拟试题和答案(一):(word文档)




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